Non-English equivalents of the British wing include the German Gruppe, Italian Gruppo, and French groupe. Some wings, for example Delaware Wing, have only one group due to the small geographical and manpower size of the wing. (b) Commander.— The Chief of Air Force Reserve is the Commander of the Air Force Reserve Command. A FOA performs field activities beyond the scope of any of the major commands. In military aviation, a wing is a unit of command. The typical element leader is a lieutenant. The several wings assigned to each Fleet Naval Air Force control the wing's … A DRU has a specialized and restricted mission, meaning that it is a single purpose unit, usually to the exclusion of other duties, reporting to Air Force Air Staff alone. In this context, a wing is inferior to a "region" which is made up of six wings. (c) Assignment of Forces.— The Secretary of the Air Force—, (1) shall assign to the Air Force Reserve Command all forces of the Air Force Reserve stationed in the continental United States other than forces assigned to the unified combatant command for special operations forces established pursuant to section 167 of this title; and. The Air Wing Headquarters is tasked with command, control, and coordination of the Unit's squadrons, in order to ensure Unit readiness to respond to various operational requirements, both locally and overseas. 67th Cyberspace Wing, Joint Base San Antonio-Lackland, Texas 70th ISR Wing, Fort George G. Meade, Md. "Constituted combat wings are always numbered in a single series beginning with Arabic "1st". Organisational structure has been initiated by ACC commander general Mike Holmes and changes at the 366th Fighter Wing are expected to begin … Naval air stations and Marine Corps air stations (and facilities) have separate commanding officers that are independent of the operational wing structure. In United States Air Force usage, a military organization above a squadron level (group, wing, air division, numbered air force, air component command, Major Command (MAJCOM)) is an establishment, while that of a squadron and lower (squadron, flight, detachment) is a unit.[2]. If federally recognized, the member or unit becomes part of the Air National Guard of the United States, which is one of two reserve components of the United States Air Force, and part of the National Guard of the United States. The wing is responsible for operating the base, including the infrastructure, communication systems, security, fire protection, transportation, supply, finance, contracting, legal services, personnel and manpower support, housing, education, chapel and quality of life programs on a 301,000-acre base in the middle of the Mojave Desert, the second largest base in the U.S. Air Force. Examples: 1st Fighter Wing, 21st Space Wing, and the Strategic Air Command's 509th Bomb Wing. USAF Wing Force Structure The newest addition to the Air Force Historical Research Agencyʹs homepage, the USAF Wing Force Structure database measures the number and functions of wings and wing equivalents from 1939 through 1999. 78 Wing No. The Air Force Reserve Command shall be operated as a separate command of the Air Force. A NAF is directly assigned operational units, such as wings, groups, and squadrons. A similar formation in the Swedish Air Force is the Flygflottilj, which translates in English as Air Wing (literal meaning is Air Flotilla or Flight Flotilla). Additionally, maintenance operations were integrated into the fighter squadrons … Accordingly, the word "wing", with its allusion of flight, was chosen as the term of subdivision and the corps was split into a "Military Wing" (i.e. In most military aviation services, a wing is a relatively large formation of planes. MOUNTAIN HOME AIR FORCE BASE, Idaho (AFNS) -- Air Combat Command officials announced the 366th Fighter Wing at Mountain Home Air Force Base, Idaho, will test a new wing organizational structure. Letter designations can be used, such as alpha flight, bravo flight, charlie flight, delta flight, echo flight, foxtrot flight, et cetera. All constituted wings have one, two, or three digits in their numerical designations. CAP also performs non-auxiliary missions for various governmental and private agencies, such as local law enforcement and the American Red Cross. Component Numbered Air Force Structure..... 84 Figure 26.3. The experimental structure, initiated by Gen. Mike Holmes, Air Combat Command commander, directs the 366th Fighter Wing to create an organization that will test possible ways to improve … A constituted squadron, the basic unit in the Air Force, may be a mission unit or a functional unit and may vary in size according to responsibility. In 1991, most active SOAs changed in status to DRUs or FOAs. The activities are specialized or associated with an Air Force-wide mission, and do not include functions performed in management headquarters, unless specifically directed by a DoD authority. The Air Wing's Commanding Officer is Lieutenant Colonel James Thomas Grech. The World War II German Luftwaffe Geschwader and Gruppe were similar to the wing and group of the United States Army Air Forces of the same era. A Direct Reporting Unit (DRU) is an agency of the United States Department of the Air Force that is outside the bounds of the standard organizational hierarchy by being exclusively and uniquely under the control of Air Force headquarters alone, rather than reporting through a major command. ..... 90 Figure 26.7. Two or more groups in the Air Force form a wing. Wing commander (Wg Cdr in the RAF, the IAF, and the PAF, WGCDR in the RNZAF and RAAF, formerly sometimes W/C in all services) is a senior commissioned rank in the British Royal Air Force and air forces of many countries which have historical British influence, including many Commonwealth countries but not including Canada (since Unification) and South Africa. "The Air Force has three basic types of wings: operational, air base, and specialized mission. The term "Dire… In 2006, expeditionary air wings were established at the RAF's main operating bases. In these air forces a wing is inferior to a group. This assignment governs command relationships within the Air Force chain of command. "The U.S. Army Air Service/U.S. Several such examples are the Republic of Korea Air Force, the Japan Air Self-Defense Force, the Royal Thai Air Force, the Philippine Air Force, the Peruvian Air Force, the Venezuelan Air Force, the Ecuadorian Air Force and the Brazilian Air Force. In Commonwealth countries a wing usually comprises three squadrons, with several wings forming a group (around 10 squadrons). This page was last updated on 17/07/2015. an army wing) and a "Naval Wing". Additionally countries influenced by the US in the building of their modern air forces also use the term wing. The Royal Netherlands Air Force (vliegbasis, Dutch for aviation base or air base), the Portuguese Air Force (base aérea), the Czech Air Force (základna letectva, Czech for air base or aviation base) and the Croatian Air Force (zrakoplovna baza, Croatian for aviation base) use the term air base for regiment-equivalents commanded by Colonels in a direct parallel to the wings of other member states. Naval Air Forces are commanded by either a Rear Admiral (Upper Half) or a Vice Admiral and wings are commanded by Captains, with the title of Commodore. The term "direct reporting unit" comes from the fact that the unit reports directly to the Chief of Staff of the Air Force or to a designated representative on the Air staff. ..... 84 Figure 26.2. A wing is comprised of four principle structural components that work together to support and distribute the aerodynamic forces produced during flight. The size of a wing (base) follows US usage (see below); it varies greatly and may comprise personnel numbering in the thousands. In most Commonwealth air forces, as well as some others, a wing is usually made up of three or four squadrons. The Royal Air Force's (RAF) command structure remains complex and takes some explaining. The field operating agency (FOA) is a subdivision of the Air Force, directly subordinate to an HQ USAF functional manager. These air bases are brigade-equivalents commanded by Brigadier generals unlike the air wings of other NATO members, which are regiment-equivalents commanded by Colonels. Sixteenth Air Force units include: 9th Reconnaissance Wing, Beale Air Force Base, Calif. 55th Wing, Offutt Air Force Base, Neb. A typical wing internal structural layout is shown in the image below: Figure 12: Internal structure of a semi-monocoque aircraft wing. These expeditionary air wings consist of the deployable elements of the main operating base and other supplementary forces. For instance, CFB Trenton in Ontario was redesignated 8 Wing Trenton. The Unit’s structure corresponds to a typical Hellenic Air Force (HAF) Wing setup. There is only one wing on an Air Force base, and the Wing Commander is quite often considered to be the "Installation Commander." They support all distributed loads, as well as concentrated weights such as the fuselage, landing gear, and engines. Squadrons are usually made up of two flights, a few hundred people, and eight to 24 aircraft. Each wing supervises the individual groups and squadrons in that state, district or commonwealth, which are the basic operational units of the organization. Basic Numbered and Named Air Force Structure (Does not apply to component Numbered Air Forces). By 1914, the naval wing had become the Royal Naval Air Service, and gained its independence from the Royal Flying Corps. 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